Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

In 2015, the world leaders from 193 member UN (United Nation) States came together to adopt the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Looking beyond the Millennium Development Goals, a set of 17 goals are at the core of the 2030 Agenda, and are a universal call for action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. The 17 goals are commonly known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or global goals. The 17 SDGs further include 169 targets and 244 global indicators for measuring the achievements.

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SDGs and India

India is a signatory to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. National Institute of Transforming India (NITI Aayog) is the national coordinating agency for SDGs. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) has developed the national SDG indicators to better capture the context of India and its needs. In July 2017, India attended the High-Level Political Forum and participated in the Voluntary National Review (VNR), and presented progress with respect to Goals 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 14 and 17.

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The SDGs and targets have been mapped to various nodal ministries and flagship programmes by the NITI Aayog. Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) is the designated nodal agency for achieving SDG 1 – No Poverty, and MGNREGS has been recognised as ‘core of the core’ scheme for achieving SDG 1. MGNREGS was reported in the VNR 2017 by Government of India for its contribution to achieving SDG 1, while the scheme’s contributions to SDG 5 – Gender Equality, SDG 8 – Decent Work and Economic Growth, and SDG 10 – Reduced Inequalities were also acknowledged.

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A mapping exercise was done by the MGNREGS Programme Division at MoRD with support from GIZ India, to explore the further possibilities of reporting MGNREGS contribution to SDGs. Based on the current data available on the NREGASoft Management Information System (, the MGNREGS-SDG dashboard has been developed to show impact of MGNREGS on 6 SDGs, 11 targets and 15 indicators. With further data collection and empirical studies, MGNREGS has the potential to show impact on 13 SDGs, 27 targets and 42 indicators.

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